Have you ever felt an impending sense of hopelessness when
scrolling through the internet?
Everyone seems to be fighting about one thing or another,
whether it’s about race, religion or one’s lifestyle choices.
Unfortunately, it seems like our worst fear is confirmed.
A study conducted by a London-based think-tank found that Malaysia
is getting less tolerant.
The Prosperity Index 2019 by Legatum Institute which compared 167 societies around the globe found that Malaysia’s “social tolerance” dropped drastically from 2019, coming in at 145th place with a measly 2.9 score. This is almost half of 2018’s 5.3 score where we came in at the 99th spot.
According to Malay Mail, Malaysia had never reached a rank below 100th place in “social tolerance” between 2015 to 2018.
In fact, when comparing a 10-year rank change, Malaysia dropped 8 spots from 2009.
According to the index, there are three factors that account
for social tolerance:
- Perceived tolerance of ethnic minorities
- Perceived tolerance of LGBT individuals
- Perceived tolerance of immigrants
For all three indicators above, Malaysia’s 2019 ranking dropped compared to 2018.
First things first, what is tolerance?
According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), tolerance is respect, acceptance and appreciation of the rich diversity of our world’s cultures, our forms of expression and ways of being human. It is harmony in difference.
Meanwhile, intolerance is rooted in ignorance and fear. Mostly it’s fear of the unknown and of the other, be it from other cultures, nations or religions. However, it is most dangerous if exploited to fulfill the political and territorial ambitions of an individual or groups.
Why does tolerance matter?
According to Legatum Institute, this Prosperity Index is a tool to identify what specific action a society needs to be taken to reach global prosperity aka a rich country.
Part of the journey to reach this prosperity includes a healthy
In fact, a 2008 research on the global tolerance index found that more tolerant countries tend to attract more net migrants, have a greater concentration of talented workers, higher levels of economic development, and are more competitive.
The finding is also supported by a 2010 study by the Research Institute of Industrial Economics that suggests inclusion of people irrespective of race makes good use of productive capacity.
“The idea is that a society which allows everyone to contribute to the generation of new knowledge, be it as employees, employers or entrepreneurs, can grow at a faster pace than a society in which the new knowledge of certain groups of people is not listened to.”
Is Tolerance Good or Bad for Growth?, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
For Malaysia to reach its peak prosperity, it’s clear that
steps need to be taken to address this decline in social tolerance.
Here’s where UNESCO steps in with an outline of 5 ways to combat intolerance.
Where the Government is responsible for enforcing human
rights laws, for banning and punishing hate crimes and discrimination against
As mentioned earlier intolerance stems from ignorance and
fear, which is learned at an early age. Therefore, greater efforts need to be
made to teach children about tolerance, human rights, and other ways of life.
They should be encouraged to be open-minded and curious, both
at home and in school.
3. Access to Information
Hatemongers often identify the public’s tolerance threshold
and then develop misleading arguments and manipulate public opinion with
misinformation and prejudice.
To counter this effectively, strong policies that promote
press freedom and press pluralism must be in place to in order to allow the population
to differentiate between facts and opinions.
4. Individual Awareness
In a society, intolerance is the collective attitude of
every single person combined. To fight this, individuals should be aware of the
connection between their behaviour and the vicious cycle of mistrust and
violence in a society.
You can begin by asking yourselves these questions:
“Am I a tolerant person?”
“Do I stereotype people?”
“Do I reject those who are different from me?”
“Do I blame my problems on ‘them’?”
5. Local Solutions
Everyone has a role to play in combating intolerance. Besides
institutional procedures, individuals can play a role as well.
For example, banding together to confront a problem, demonstrate solidarity with victims of intolerance and discredit hateful propaganda.
All hope is not lost yet, Malaysians just have to remember that we are not each other’s enemies. As the proverb goes, “Together we stand, divided we fall.”
If you need a little inspiration for a tolerant Malaysian society, check out our article on Malaysians sharing heartwarming pictures of their multi-ethnic friends HERE.
She puts the pun in Punjabi. With a background in healthcare, lifestyle writing and memes, this lady's articles walk a fine line between pun-dai and pun-ishing.