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The U.S, Iran & World War III

The U.S, Iran & World War III

[This article has been updated to include Iran’s latest attack towards the U.S]

Looks like we’ve stepped into the new decade with the world in turmoil.

Across the internet, netizens and meme lords were hard at work jokingly making references over the possibility of World War III erupting and the consequences of a global conflict amidst growing tensions between the United States (U.S) and the Islamic Republic of Iran.

With that, TRP brings you the gist of what’s been happening in the Middle East as the world anxiously awaits on how this latest conflict in the desert would develop.

The spark of World War III?

On December 27, 2019, a military base in Kirkuk, Iraq which housed U.S personnel came under attack. The strike left one U.S civilian contractor dead, and several U.S and Iraqi military personnel injured. [NY Times]

American troop carriers entering Iraq through Syria.
(Credit: Al Jazeera)

The U.S claimed that the attack was perpetrated by Iranian-backed militia group, Kataib Hezbollah, while Iran denies any involvement in the incident. [Middle East Monitor]

Two days later, the U.S dispatched F-15 warplanes to target “undisclosed” Kataib Hezbollah’s weapons storage and command facilities in Iraq and Syria, reportedly killing more than 20 people. [Channel News Asia]

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American F-15 fighters making aerial manoeuvres.
(Credit: France24)

Following the airstrike, protests by Iranian-backed activists broke out at the American embassy in Baghdad. Demonstrators stormed into and damaged the embassy compound before being driven back by Iraqi security forces. [Al Jazeera]

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Protestors demonstrating in front of the U.S embassy in Baghdad.
(Credit: CNN)

Then on the second day of the new year, a U.S drone airstrike ordered by U.S President Donald Trump killed Iran’s top military leader, Major General Qasem Soleimani along with five others outside the Baghdad airport. [CNN]

Qassem Soleimani was the leader of the Quds Force of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and considered to be a key figure in Iran’s military presence in the Middle East. [The New Yorker]

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Ayatollah Ali Khamenei attending the funeral of Qassem Soleimani in Tehran.
(Credit: The Publics Radio)

Later in Iran, the country’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei promised harsh “punishment” for the “assassination” of its military leader. [CNN]

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Iranians marching with a picture of fallen Iranian military leader Qassem Soleimani.
(Credit: Times)

Thousands of Iranians marched on the streets of Tehran, Iran chanting “death to America” in protest of the killing of the nation’s military leader. [Channel News Asia]

Donald Trump continues with his “tough guy” approach and threatened to attack 52 Iranian “cultural sites” if the country were to retaliate against the U.S. [The Guardian]

Amidst the rising tensions, Iraq’s parliament passed a resolution calling to expel all foreign military presence from the country declaring America’s recent actions as a violation of Iraq’s sovereignty. [Vox]

Iraqi former Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned his post back in November 2019 amidst anti-government protest in the country but remains in office as a caretaker.
(Credit: Aawsat)

There are an estimated 5,000 U.S soldiers in Iraq as part of the international coalition in the fight against Islamic State (Isis) terrorists. The U.S military had been aiding and training Iraqi forces in anti-terrorist operations, but this has come to a halt following the recent attacks. [The Guardian]

Iran later announced that it would no longer abide by restrictions set in the 2015 nuclear deal. [CNN]

Iran’s revenge

Following up on their threats to retaliate, Iran fired more than a dozen ballistic missiles at two separate Iraqi military bases that housed American personnel on January 8, 2020. Reportedly there were no casualties from the attack. [NPR]

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Surface-to-surface missiles launching.
(Credit: The National Interest)

In response to the strike, the U.S announced that it would impose stricter sanctions on Iran. [Al Jazeera]

Caught in the crossfire between Washington and Tehran, the Iraqi government denounced Iran’s missile attack as a violation of the nation’s sovereignty and condemned the two foreign powers for turning the country into a battlefield for its rivalry. [Al Jazeera]

Unintended consequences?

Just hours after Iran fired a barrage of missiles into Iraq, a Ukrainian airliner carrying 176 passengers crashed shortly after taking off from the Imam Khomeini International Airport, Iran. All passengers and crew were reportedly killed. [Al Jazeera]

Iranian first responders at the site of the downed flight in Tehran.
(Credit: Twitter via @StratSentinel)

Though the cause of the crash remains unclear, Ukranian authorities have not ruled out the possibility that the aircraft might have gone down due to an attack in the conflict riddled region. [Al Jazeera]

Crisis averted?

Though tensions remain high, it appears that hostilities between the U.S and Iran are de-escalating. It was reported that both nations are currently standing down from further aggression. [BCC]

Soured relations

Tensions between the US and Iran have been building for years.

It began as the U.S withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) or the “Iran nuclear deal” back in 2018. [Vox]

Iran has been trying to develop its nuclear program for decades and insisting that it will be used for peaceful means an not to make weapons of mass destruction.
(Credit Valeriy Melnikov via RT)

The JCPOA is an agreement between Iran and other nations including the U.K, France, Germany, Russia and China to restrict Iran’s nuclear program in exchange for relief from economic sanctions which was set in place to put pressure on Iran’s economy and hinder the country from making nuclear weapons. [Council of Foreign Relations]

After the withdrawal from the agreement, the U.S reimposed sanctions on Iran. [NY Times]

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Iraq is the No. 2 oil producer in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), behind Saudi Arabia. But economic sanctions limit the country’s oil exports.
(Credit: DZ Breaking)

The world holding its breath

The conflict between the U.S and Iran has had the world on its toes.

The tensions in the Middle East have caused global oil prices to increase to over RM200 per barrel. Experts warn that the prices would climb further if the situation in the Middle East continues to escalate. [Independent]

Oil prices rose by almost 3% as the conflict in the Middle East threatens the security of oil-producing countries and key supply routes.
(Credit: Zbynek Burival via Unsplash)

With the threat of a full out war between the U.S and Iran looming, the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres expressed concerns over the rising geopolitical tensions around the world and called for global leaders to de-escalate and cease hostilities. [UN News]

Countries like the U.K, France and Germany have cautioned all parties involved in the crisis to immediately back down before situations get worse. [DW]

Being an ally to both the U.S and Iran, Malaysia is “deeply concerned” over the developing conflict and advised both nations to resolve the situation peacefully. [Malaysiakini]

With such an “explosive” start to the decade, what else is in store for the world in 2020? Share us your thoughts on the crisis in the Middle East on our Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

[This article has been updated to include Iran’s latest attack towards the U.S]

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