Dolezal, in an interview on NBC’s Today show, said she began portraying herself as black as early as age 5 and that her identity was “not some freak … mockery black-face performance”.
Dolezal, 37, resigned on Monday as president of the Spokane chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People, a leading U.S. civil rights organization, amid reports that her parents are white.
Dolezal, who grew up with adopted black siblings, said a major shift in her identity came when she was doing human rights work in Idaho and newspaper stories described her as transracial, biracial and black.
“I never corrected that,” she said, “… because it’s more complex than being true or false in that particular instance.”
Shown a picture of herself as a teenager with fair complexion and blond hair, Dolezal said, “I would say that visibly she would be identified as white by people who see her.”
Her own concept of her race began when she was 5 years old, Dolezal said.
“I was drawing self-portraits with the brown crayon instead of the peach crayon and the black curly hair,” she said.
Dolezal took issue with critics who have said that by presenting herself as African-American, she was putting on a black-face performance — an outdated act in which white actors used makeup to portray black stereotypes.
“I have a huge issue with black-face,” she said. “This is not some freak … mockery black-face performance. This is on a very real, connected level. I’ve actually had to go there with the experience.”
Dolezal said her two sons, who are black, had been supportive of her identity.
“I actually was talking to one of my sons yesterday,” she said.
“He said, ‘Mom, racially, you’re human and culturally you’re black.”