GARISSA, April 5, 2015:
After al-Shabaab gunmen massacred nearly 150 people at a Kenyan university on Thursday, singling out Christians for point-blank executions, churches in Kenya are turning to armed guards to protect their Easter Sunday congregations.
Four masked gunmen from the Somali Islamist group went on a shooting rampage, hunting down students to kill and take hostage during a day-long siege at a university in Garissa, some 200km from the Somali border.
Militants on Saturday threatened to stage more attacks and turn Kenyan cities “red with blood”. Police said they are providing extra security at shopping malls and public buildings in the capital Nairobi and in the eastern coastal region.
“We are very concerned about the security of our churches and worshippers, especially this Easter period, and also because it is clear that these attackers are targeting Christians,” Willybard Lagho, a Mombasa-based catholic priest and chairman of the Coast Interfaith Council of Clerics (CICC), told Reuters.
In Nairobi’s Holy Family Basilica cathedral, nestled between the City Hall and Kenya’s parliament, two uniformed police officers toting AK-47 rifles manned the entrance gate. One of the policemen said more plain clothes officers were inside.
At the same entrance, three private security guards frisked churchgoers with hand-held metal detectors, while a fourth guard used a mirror to check for explosives underneath cars.
In Garissa, the scene of Thursday’s massacre and where masked gunmen in 2012 killed more than a dozen people in simultaneous gun and grenade raids on two churches, six armed soldiers were shielding the town’s main Christian church and about 100 worshippers ahead of Sunday mass.
Kenya has imposed a dusk-to-dawn curfew in four crime-ridden counties along its porous 700km border with Somalia, while helicopters were deployed along its palm-fringed coastal region popular with Western tourists.
Late on Saturday, 613 students and 50 staff from Garissa University College arrived by bus in Nairobi, where they were welcomed by sobbing parents and relatives. Parents of missing children were at the city’s mortuary, trying to identify the dead.
The attack has put further strain on the historically cordial relations between Kenya’s Christian and Muslim communities, which have deteriorated in recent years due to frequent Islamist attacks on Christian priests and churches.
President Uhuru Kenyatta on Saturday said Muslims need to do more to root out rationalisation, saying those who planned and financed the bloody attack on Garissa were “deeply embedded” within Kenya’s Muslim community.
Kenyatta has been under pressure to stop grenade and gun attacks. Al-Shabaab has killed more than 400 people on Kenyan soil since he came to power, including 67 during a raid on Nairobi’s upmarket Westgate shopping mall in 2013.
In Nairobi most upscale hotels have installed thick metal gates and airport-style X-ray machines since the Westgate attack, and extra security checks are performed on vehicles entering restaurants, malls and other sites popular with Westerners.
“All the mall owners, who take security very seriously, revised their security measures before Easter. But after the Garissa attack, they increased it again,” said Peter Bach, global managing director of security firm Diplomatic Protective Services.